Undergraduate Degree
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Postgraduate Diploma

Course Name: Health and nutrition science

Course Code:  


Credit Hours:

6 Credit


Topics Covered in This Course:

  In Section 1 of this course you will cover these topics:
     Promoting Healthy Behavior Change Definition/Overview: Health And Wellness: Health And Wellness Are Active States That Are Deeply Affected By Style Of Living. In Order To Be Healthy, One Must Decide When To Change Behavior And When To Maintain Current Behaviors. Chapter 1 Provides A Basic Understanding Of The Concept Of Health, Describing The Six Dimensions Of Health And Helping The Reader To Understand How They Relate To Form A Dynamic Process Of Achieving One'S Potential. A Major Focus Of Chapter 1 Is The Decision Making Section. Please Note That Several Theories Are Discussed, Including Prochaska And Diclemente'S Stages Of Change Model, And The Health Belief Model. These Models Are Used Throughout The Text To Help The Student Make Healthy Choices.
     Psychosocial Health: Being Mentally, Emotionally, Socially And Spiritually Well Definition/Overview: Psychosocial Health: Psychosocial Health Is Very Important To Our Appreciation Of Life And So Contributes Greatly To Our Quality Of Life. Chapter Two Discusses The Intellectual, Emotional, Social And Spiritual Qualities Of Health That Make Up The Very Heart Of How We Perceive All That We Experience. This Chapter Also Discusses Important Issues Such As Depression And Suicide, Helping The Student To Understand When To Get Help Or How To Recognize When Their Friends Need Help
     Managing Stress: Coping With Life'S Challenges Definition/Overview: Stress: Stress Affects Our Lives In Ways That Are Just Becoming Clear. While It Is Understood That There Is A Link Between Stress And Disease, The Science Of Psychoneuroimmunology (Pni) Is Beginning To Unravel The Secrets Of Just How Greatly Stress Affects Our Immune System And, Therefore, Different Disease Processes. Chapter Three Is Devoted To Helping The Student Understand What Stress Is And When It Is Healthy And When It Is Not. This Chapter Also Helps Us To Examine Ways That Stress Management Can Alter Our Lives Toward Greater Health And Happiness.
     Violence And Abuse: Creating Healthy Environments Definition/Overview: Violence And Abuse: As We Move Into The New Millennium We Are Faced With Working To Overcome The Preventable Causes Of Injury And Death In The United States. Violence Accounts For A Great Deal Of Our Health Problems. Whether It Is Bombing Of Our Federal Buildings, Shootings In Schools, Or Abuse Of Our Wives And Children, This Is A Problem That Has Come To National Attention. This Chapter Focuses On The Problems Of Violence In Our Culture. It Gives Us Data That Is Important To Make Us Understand The Scope Of The Problem, As Well As Clues As To The Antecedents Of Violence, Which May Help Us To Prevent It. Chapter 4 Also Helps Us To Understand Why People Stay In Situations Where Their Health And Lives May Be Put At Risk. As We Move Toward A Greater Understanding Of The Impact Of Violence On Our Culture, We May Be Able To Change Our Children'S Futures In The Next Century.
     Healthy Relationships: Communicating Effectively With Friends, Family, And Significant Others Definition/Overview: Communication Skills: Good Communication Skills Contribute Significantly To Our Social, Mental, Emotional, Spiritual And Physical Health. We Spend Most Of Our Time Communicating With Others. Many, Some Say Most, Of The Breakdowns That We Have In Our Relationships With Others Have To Do With Poor Communication. Chapter 5 Explains The Communication Process, Including All Components Such As Nonverbal Communication And That Extremely Important Aspect, Listening. This Chapter Also Deals With Our Newest Forms Of Communication Including Online Dating And Chat Rooms. Communicating In Our Global Society Means That We Must Have Greater Tolerance For Differences Between Ourselves And Others. This Chapter Also Discusses The Language Differences That Exist Between Men And Women And Helps Us To Understand What Can Be Done To Improve Our Communication With Others. From Birth We Are Involved In Relationships With Others. We Could Not Survive Without The Love And Contact We Have With Our Families. In This Chapter, Intimacy, Love, Commitment, And Passion Are Explored. A Variety Of Possible Relationships Are Examined. Examples Include Relationships With Parents, Friendships, Lovers And Others. It Is Important That We Understand What Factors Build Strong Relationships. The Variety Of Types Of Committed Relationships Is Explored As Well. This Chapter Will Help Us To Build Tolerance For Others Who May Have Different Ideas About The Type Of Commitment They Would Like To Make. The Chapter Closes With Tips On How To Handle Ourselves In Healthy Ways When Ending Relationships.
  In Section 2 of this course you will cover these topics:
     Sexuality: Choices In Sexual Behavior Definition/Overview: Sexuality: We Are Sexual Beings From The Time Of Conception. Our Identity Begins At That Time. How Our Caregivers Treat Us Will Help Us To Determine What Behaviors Are Appropriate For Our Gender. Social Constructs Play An Important Role In How We Express Our Sexuality. Chapter 6 Discusses The Biological, Physiological, Psychological, And Social Determinants Of Our Sexuality. This Chapter Will Help The Student Identify Behaviors That Feel Comfortable And Will Also Explain What May Be Happening When Problems Occur.
     Reproductive Choices: Making Responsible Decisions Definition/Overview: Reproductive Choices: This Chapter Is Packed Full With Information That Is Vital To College Students. Managing Our Fertility And Making Sure We Produce Healthy Offspring Are Among The Most Crucial Behaviors For Adults. Methods Of Birth Control Are Discussed In Excellent Detail, Allowing The Student To Decide Which Option Is Safest And Most Desirable. This Chapter Also Discusses Emergency Contraception For Those Times When Unprotected Sex Occurs. Once A Couple Decides To Have A Child, It Is Important To Understand What Factors Can Lead To The Best Possible Outcome. Appropriate Diet And Exercise Are Discussed. The Harmful Effects Of Drugs On The Fetus As Well As Other Agents That Can Cause Harm Are Thoroughly Examined. This Chapter Also Deals With Options For Couples Who Are Having Difficulty Conceiving Or May Be Infertile.
     Nutrition: Eating For Optimum Health Definition/Overview: Nutrition: Proper Nutrition Is An Important Goal In The United States. Many Of The Diseases Can Be Reduced Or Even Eliminated With Healthy Food Choices. This Chapter Introduces Basic Nutrition Information. It Also Helps The Student To Understand The Food Guide Pyramid And The Effect That A Diet High In Fat Can Have On Our Health. It Is Important That Students Leave This Chapter With Skills In Label Reading And Understanding How To Calculate Proper Amounts Of Fat For Their Own Health. Raising The Intake Of Fruits And Vegetables, Including Fiber, In The Diet Is Also An Important Aspect Of Sound Nutrition. Stress Management And Proper Emotional Health Can Be Greatly Aided With A Diet That Has The Nutrients Needed To Create The Chemicals The Body Uses To Maintain Health.
     Managing Your Weight Definition/Overview: Weight Management: Weight Management Seems To Be A Difficult Task For Many Americans. In 1999 The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey Reported That About 61 Percent Of U.S. Adults Are Either Overweight Or Obese. Chapter 9 Discusses Several Theories On What Causes Some People To Become Obese. Research On The Obesity Gene, Leptin, Glp- Protein And Leptin Receptors In The Brain Is Included. It Also Discusses Weight Management Techniques. This Is A Very Important Component For College Students Who May Be Setting Up Lifestyles That Are Not Conducive To Healthy Body Weights. It Is Important For Them To Understand The Role Exercise And Low Fat Diet Play In Maintaining Health Long Term, Even Though They Are Healthy Now. Another Important Topic Discussed In This Chapter Is That Of The Eating Disorders Anorexia And Bulimia. This Section Includes The Updated Section On Eating Disorders And Dsm-Iv Criteria For Them. Often, Young Women And Men In College Are Vulnerable To These Eating Disorders And Understanding The Signals May Help Them Identify Unhealthy Behaviors In Themselves Or Their Friends.
     Personal Fitness: Improving Health Through Exercise Definition/Overview: Personal Fitness: Physical Activity Is One Of The Best Ways To Prevent Risk Of Early Disease And Death. Regular Activity Is Undertaken By Only 22 Percent Of American Adults. It Is Important To Establish Good Exercise Habits Now While Still Young. Chapter 10 Provides The Student With The Information Necessary To Develop An Exercise Program That Can Improve Or Maintain Their Level Of Fitness Throughout Their Lives. It Is Important That Regular Aerobic Exercise Become An Integral Part Of Our Lives. The Latest Information From The Surgeon General As Well As The Benefits Of Sports Drinks To Performance Is Included.
  In Section 3 of this course you will cover these topics:
     Addictions And Addictive Behavior Definition/Overview: As We Continue To Unlock The Mysteries Of The Mind, We Have Learned A Great Deal About How Addiction, The Unhealthy Involvement In Mood-Altering Activities, Occurs. Addictive Processes Occur Not Just With Chemical Substances But With Food, Sex, Relationships, Gambling, Work, And Exercise. The Latest Research On Addiction And The Internet Is Also Included. Chapter 11 Introduces The Student To The Physiology Of Addiction And Explains The Negative Consequences Of Addictions Both For The Person Addicted And For Their Families And Friends. Terms Like Codependency And Enabling Are Explained. The Chapter Briefly Describes The Most Common Types Of Addiction And Discusses Treatment And Recovery Processes. Relapse And Barriers To Treatment For Women Are Explored At The End Of This Chapter. The Student Will Have A General Understanding Which Will Allow Greater Exploration Of The Alcohol, Tobacco, Pharmaceutical, And Illicit Drugs.
     Drinking Responsibly: A Lifestyle Challenge On Campus Definition/Overview: Drinking Responsibly: When It Comes To Using Alcohol, It Is Extremely Important That The College Student Understands The Risks. Many College Students Binge Drink While In College, Affecting Their Abilities To Learn And Possibly Their Futures. Drinking And Driving Is Heavily Associated With Risk Of Serious Injury Or Death And Young People Are At Greatest Risk. Research Is Indicating That Even Moderate Drinking Carries Health Risks And That One Or Two Drinks A Day Is All That The Human Body Can Handle Without Problems. It Is Vital That The Student Understand How Much Alcohol Causes The Relaxation Effect And How Much Causes Their Bodies Harm. Chapter 12 Introduces Students To The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Alcohol Use.
     Tobacco And Caffeine: Daily Pleasures, Daily Challenges Definition/Overview: Tobacco And Caffeine: Tobacco Use Is Legal In This Country. However, It Is Currently A Hotly Debated Topic As To Whether Nicotine, Tobacco'S Addictive Component, Should Be Regulated. Tobacco Is Used By About 25 Percent Of The U.S. Population And Most People Become Addicted Before They Are 18. Chapter 13 Introduces The Student To The Facts With Regard To Tobacco Use And To Its Consequences In Terms Of Both Personal Health And Economic Costs To Society. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Is Described And The Consequences Are Discussed. The College Student Must Be Aware That The Longer They Use Tobacco, The Harder It Is To Quit And The Greater The Cost To Their Health. In Addition, Tobacco Use Is The Single Most Preventable Cause Of Death In The U.S. This Addiction Carries With It Numerous Health Problems. Chapter 13 Also Discusses Caffeine Intake. Caffeine Is The Most Widely Used Drug In The U.S. When Taken In Small Amounts (5 Cups A Day Or Less) It Does Not Have Much Effect According To Research. However, Caffeine Is Addictive And Could Cause Caffeinism Or Caffeine Intoxication Which Is Described In This Chapter.
     Illicit Drugs: Use, Misuse, And Abuse Definition/Overview: Illicit Drugs: Having An Understanding Of The Six Categories Of Drugs Is Important For The Student Who Is Trying To Decide Which Drugs Are Safe And Which Are Not. Illicit Drug Use Is Rising On College Campuses. It Is Very Important That Students Understand The Consequences Of Using Illegal Substances To Their Health And Their Futures. This Chapter Helps The Student Become Aware Of The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Drug Use, Misuse, And Abuse As Well As Outlining The Schedules Or Categories Of Illicit Drugs. It Describes The Major Drugs Used In Each Of The Six Categories Of Drugs. Central Nervous System Stimulants, Central Nervous System Depressants, Opiates, Hallucinogens, Designer Drugs, And Steroids Are All Described In Detail. The Students Should Be Made Aware Of The Short Term And Long Term Consequences To Their Health Of Using These Drugs.
     Cardiovascular Disease: Reducing Your Risk Definition/Overview: Cardiovascular Disease: This Thoroughly Explains How The Heart Works And Includes Anatomical And Physiological Aspects As Well. The Chapter Then Details The Different Types Of Heart Disease And Their Consequences. The Chapter Concludes With Treatment Options. Since Cardiovascular Disease Is The Number One Cause Of Death And Many Of The Risk Factors Are Preventable, It Is Extremely Important For The Student To Leave This Chapter With A Clear Understanding Of The Risk Factors, How They Relate To Cvd And What They Can Do Now Or In The Future To Reduce Their Risk. The Student Should Have A Clear Understanding That Their Risk For Cvd Began Early In Life And That They Must Make Healthy Choices Now To Protect Their Future. Another Topic Of Vital Importance In This Chapter Is Learning To Recognize The Signals Of Heart Attack And Stroke. It Is Clear That Most People Deny They Are Having These Problems And Help, To Be Most Effective, Must Come Within The First Two Hours. Recognizing These Signals In Our Loved Ones May Result In Being Able To Spend More Time With Them.
  In Section 4 of this course you will cover these topics:
     Cancer: Reducing Your Risks Definition/Overview: Cancer: Cancer Is The Leading Cause Of Death For Americans Under The Age Of 85. There Are Many Different Types Of Cancers, Each With Their Own Risk Factors. It Is Important That The Student Understand The Nomenclature And Treatments For Cancer So They Can Make Sound Decisions For Themselves And Their Loved Ones. Primary Focus Of This Chapter, For The Student, Needs To Be Related Directly To Controllable Risk Factors Such As Smoking, Fat In The Diet, Exposure To The Sun, Etc. The Student Also Needs To Understand The Early Warning Signs For These Deadly Disease Processes In Order To Prevent Disability And Death Whenever Possible.
     Infectious Diseases And Sexually Transmitted Infections: Risks And Responsibilities Definition/Overview: Infectious Disease: While Infectious Disease Deaths Have Declined Dramatically Since The Turn Of The Century, It Is Still Important For The Student To Have An Understanding Of The Process Of Infection. Resisting Colds And Flu Requires An Understanding Of The Importance Of Adequate Sleep, Proper Nutrition, Exercise And Good Hygiene. Sexually Transmitted Infections Are The Number One Cause Of Infectious Disease In The United States. Focus Should Be Placed On Behaviors That Will Protect These Students At A Vulnerable Time In Their Lives From Infections Like Chlamydia And Human Papilloma Virus, Which Are Known To Run Rampant On College Campuses.
     Noninfectious Conditions Definition/Overview: Chronic Diseases: Cause A Great Deal Of Suffering. Chapter 18 Provides The Student With An Overview Of The More Common Chronic Diseases. Of Particular Importance Are The Sections On Arthritis And Diabetes. Both Can Develop In The Aging Process And Are Very Common In Today'S Society. Osteoporosis, Another Common Disorder, Is Dealt With In The Chapter. What Is Very Important To Focus On Here Is The Idea That Proper Nutrition, Exercise, Rest And Reducing Environmental Exposures Can Reduce The Students' Risks Long Term. Many Of These Diseases Develop Slowly And Are The Result Of Lifestyle.
     Healthy Aging: A Lifelong Process Definition/Overview: Aging: There Is Really Only One Alternative To Aging And That Would Be Death. Someone Once Said That Nothing Wrecks Retirement Like Early Death. Chapter 19 Outlines The Theories On Aging And Discusses Many Of The Changes That Occur As We Age. At First Glance, This Can Be Disheartening. However, An Emphasis On Prevention Of Many Of The Health Problems, And A Slowing Of The Aging Process Through Long-Term Lifestyle Choices Will Prepare The Student For A Long And Healthy Life. Osteoporosis Is Discussed In This Chapter, It Is Important To Emphasize That Building Healthy Bone Mass Now Will Help Lower The Risk When Older. Toward The End Of This Chapter, The Authors Discuss Healthy Aging. This Should Be A Major Focus For The Student. To Age In A Healthy Way People Need Something To Do, Someone Who Cares About Them, Money To Live On, And A Place To Live. Working Now To Ensure That These Things Are In Place When We Are Older Is Of Vital Importance.
  In Section 5 of this course you will cover these topics:
     Dying And Death: The Final Transition Definition/Overview: Dying And Death: We All Lose Something Or Someone Who Is Of Great Importance To Us. Knowing The Stages Of Dying Will Help Us To Understand What Our Loved Ones Are Going Through When They Find Out They Are Going To Die. We All Have The Right To Die In Our Own Way. It Is Important To Know This Process. Also, Grieving Is A Normal Process That We Go Through On Our Way To Recovery From Loss. Many People Do Not Understand The Grieving Process And This Chapter Explains What It Is. It Is Important For The Student To Know All Of The Legal Consequences Of Living Wills, Regular Wills, And Not Having A Will. The Loss Of Someone Important To Us Will Go Smoother If We Understand What Is Happening.
     Environmental Health Definition/Overview: Environmental Health: Environmental Health Has Come To The Forefront As A Major Concern For Humans. Even If We Take Care Of Our Own Health Through Many Of The Means We Have Discussed Previously In This Text, If We Do Not Have Clean Water To Drink, Clean Air To Breathe, And Uncontaminated Land To Grow Our Crops And Animals, We Cannot Be Healthy. Chapter 21 Describes In Detail Many Of The Problems That Our Planet Is Experiencing. The Chapter Has Several Boxes Which Detail Some Actions We Can Take In Order To Conserve National Resources And Take Care Of The Environment In Which We Live. It Is Of Vital Importance That The Student Leaves This Chapter With An Increased Sense Of Personal Responsibility For Behaviors That Benefit, As Well As Behaviors That Harm The Environment. It Must Be Understood That Individual As Well As Community Behaviors Do Make A Difference. A Discussion On The Three R'S: Reduce, Reuse, And Recycle As Ways To Make Individual Contributions Can Help The Student To Begin To Make Healthier Environmental Choices.
     Consumerism: Selecting Health Care Products And Services Definition/Overview: Consumerism: Part Of Our Overall Health Includes Becoming Educated Consumers Of The Health Care System. Chapter 22 Discusses The Importance Of Self-Care And Also Explains When To Look For Outside Help. It Is Important That The Student Become An Educated Consumer, Understanding The Effect Of Drugs Whether Prescribed By Their Physician Or Bought In The Grocery Store. Drug Interactions Can Be Dangerous And So It Might Be Important To Understand That Certain Antibiotics Can Impair The Effectiveness Of Birth Control Pills, Or An Antihistamine Can Greatly Enhance The Effects Of Alcohol Through Synergism. Knowing That Just Because One Can Buy A Drug Over The Counter Does Not Mean That It Is Harmless Is Important, As In The Case Of Taking Too Much Acetaminophen And Liver Damage, Is Vital For The Students. When Looking It Is Important To Know What Credentials The Provider Has, How The Provider Is Funded And What Patients' Rights And Responsibilities Are. Knowledge Of What Motivates Hospitals And Insurance Companies Will Be Useful To The Student When They Are Faced With Making These Choices. This Chapter Includes A Section On Managed Care, Which Is The Direction That Many Insurance Companies, Health Care Providers And Employers Are Taking.
     complimentary and alternative medicine: new choices and responsibilities for healthwise consumers definition/overview: care and health promotion: one of the newest approaches to self care and health promotion encourages the use of complementary and alternative medicine (cam). this chapter describes cam, providing the research and support for the effectiveness of alternative and complimentary techniques. the student will learn about the benefits of chiropractic care, the types of people who provide cam treatment including the support for acupuncture and herbal remedies.
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